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USHUAIA CITY

Province of Tierra del Fuego, Antarctica and South Atlantic Islands, is the official name of the southernmost and youngest province of the Argentine Republic, it became a province in1990. It has a total area of 1,002,445 square kilometers, including the Big Island, the Antarctic Sector, the Falkland Islands, South Georgia and South Sandwich. It is bounded on the north by the Strait of Magellan, which separates the province of Santa Cruz and the continental part of Argentina, on the west by the Republic of Chile to the south by the Beagle Channel and the east by the Atlantic Ocean. It has many natural attractions such as lakes, forests, mountains, coastline, varied fauna, which can be visited both summer and winter, in this season it is great to practice skiing in its winter resorts.

Its capital is the city of Ushuaia, located 3080 km south from Buenos Aires, located on the Beagle Channel and surrounded by the Andes Mountains, its name means yámana language (indigenous locals) "bay penetrates towards the west". It is the world's southernmost city, with numerous tourist attractions and, most recently, a major international cruise port. Near the capital, it is the Tierra del Fuego National Park.
Communication routes: National Road No. 3 (Buenos Aires - Ushuaia, Tierra del Fuego Province).

Ministry of Tourism: San Martín 674, tel.: 02901-432001.
Office of Tierra del Fuego in Buenos Aires: Marcelo T. de Alvear 790, tel.: 011-4311-0233.

HOW TO TRAVEL:

CAR:  from the City of Buenos Aires, by Riccheri Freeway, continuation of the Dellepiane Freeway, to km.27, where the South Freeway to Cañuelas is born, continue by this one up to National Route Nº 3, to the City of Azul. There take the National Route Nº 226 up to Olavarría. There continue by Provincial Route Nº 51, then a small section of the Provincial Route Nº 76 and, again Route 51 to Bahía Blanca. From this city, a short stretch by National Route Nº 3, then  continue by National Route Nº 22 up to National Route Nº 251 (after Colorado River), take this one up to San Antonio Oeste and finally continue  by National Route  Nº 3 68 kilometers after Río Gallegos, where  Paso Integración Austral is.

This is in the border with Chile, so it is due to fulfill the migration proceedings. Already in Chilean territory,  continue by National Route Nº 255, there are 43 kilometers  paved until the crossing with the National Route Nº 257, continue by this one, 15 kilometers paved until Punta Delgada, here the  Estrecho de Magallanes (Strait of Magellan) is crossed in about 20 minutes of navigation (depending on the weather and specially on winds).  You disembark in Bahía Azul. From there, 150 kilometers, of which, only 30 are paved until the San Sebastián border crossing, where you enter the Argentine Republic again and continue by National Route Nº 3 until Ushuaia.

Tolls in: Riccheri freeway: $1,25; South freeway: $1,25; National Route  Nº 3, km. 76: $2,80; Km. 264: $2.10. When returning it is paid in National Route  Nº 226: $2,20.
There is another possibility, which is more direct, but much longer, to go always on the National Route No. 3 from Cañuelas.

COACH: there is not direct ground transportation service to Ushuaia, but there is to Rio Gallegos, Province of Santa Cruz and then it is possible to connect with local services. Andesmar, Transportadora Patagonia and El Pinguino leave Retiro Bus Station to Rio Gallegos.

AIRPLANE: It has an international airport, where the main national airlines arrive.

HISTORICAL BACKGROUND:
The island was inhabited by several aboriginal groups, such as Tehuelche and Yamana or Yagan, among others.
Argentine sovereignty in the eastern region of the Great Island of Tierra del Fuego began in mid-nineteenth century, with Luis Piedrabuena, which was installed in the current Isla de los Estados (Island States). In the 1870s, a group of Anglican missionaries led by Thomas Bridges came to the island, in 1893, the Salesians settled territory for the first time in Rio Grande, Tierra del Fuego. On September 28, 1884, a naval fleet arrived in the Bay of Ushuaia, with the objective of establishing a naval base, which took place on October 12.  Since then, the birth of the City has been celebrated . In 1902 he placed the cornerstone of the National Prison, of great importance in the region. Since then, the area depended from different governorates and the national government until in 1986 the Legislature approved converting the area into a new province by Law 23,775 which was made only on April 26 1990.

PLACES TO VISIT:

BEAGLE CHANNEL:
The Beagle Channel was discovered by a British expedition during the years 1826 and 1830, which was in command of Captain Fitz Roy, who named the Channel with the name of its main ship, "The Beagle". It marks the border with Chile and connects the Atlantic and Pacific oceans.

In the Channel there are small islands inhabited by colonies of different species such as sea lions and cormorants. The  Lighthouse Les Eclaireurs, known as the Lighthouse at the End of the World, is also there. All these places can be visited by catamarans which leave from the port.

SHOPPING AREA:
San Martín Avenue, which runs parallel to the sea, is the artery where most of the shops are found. This has an excellent infrastructure for tourism.

Some of its features are its steep streets and modern buildings that are combined with old houses of wood and veneer, which highlights their roofs with a steep decline to prevent accumulation of snow.

NUESTRA SRA. DE LA MERCED CHURCH: San Martin and Don Bosco. It was opened in 1949 as a result of the small size of the old temple that was built in 1898.
The church is 25 meters long and 10 mts wide, with a maximum height of 11 meters. A presbytery, an apse and a bell are also in the church.

OBELISK AND CIVIC SQUARE:
Maipú and Lasserre. The obelisk, which was declared a historical monument in 1943, marks the place where the Argentine flag was raised on the island for the first time on October 12, 1884.

MUSEUM OF THE END OF THE WORLD:
Maipú Avenue and Rivadavia. The museum operates in an old building built in 1903, and it was opened in1978. It has 5 rooms where data and elements that make the city's history as well as a sample of the local fauna are exhibited. It also has a large library.


YAMANA WORLD MUSEUM:
56 Rivadavia St.  The museum has operated since December 1999 . It has the aim of spreading the culture of the local Aboriginal "Yamana", first inhabitants of the area. It has several rooms with maps, models and three-dimensional scenes on the history of the Aborigines and its relationship to the early navigators.



EX USUHIA PRISON AND MARITIME MUSEUM:
Gobernador Paz and Yamane. This building operated as a recidivist and maximum security prison up to 1947. There were well-known criminals such as the famous "big-eared midget", Cayetano Santos Godino, piromaniaco and murderer of children, as well as political prisoners. The prison population who behaved well, in addition to domestic work in the workshops, were taken by train to the current Tierra del Fuego National Park to collect wood, which served to heat the jail and the town.

In 1950 the facilities were transferred to the Ministry of the Navy.
Nowadays the Prison Museum operates there, where you can visit the original installations that along with photographs recreate the history of the prison. The Maritime Museum also operates there, where you can appreciate naval scale models and an important life-size replica of the Lighthouse at the End of th
e World.


END OF THE WORLD STATION:
Eight kilometers west from the City, by National Route No. 3, you can see the southernmost railway station in the world, where the famous train of prisoners used to leave.

Nowadays an old train, with a steam locomotive, travels along part of the route that the prisoners did, crossing wood, rivers, valleys and different landscapes of great beauty. It finishes at the Park Station in the Tierra del Fuego National Park. tHE Train stopped working in 1952, and it started again with historic and tourism purposes in 1994.



TIERRA DEL FUEGO NATIONAL PARK:11 km west from Ushuaia, on National Route No. 3 and after going through the valley of the Pipo River you can reach the Park entrance. You have to pay a ticket to enter the park. It was created in 1960, it has an area of 60,000 hectares, but only about 2,000 are intended for educational and recreational use. The creation of the park had the aim to the preserve the subantarctic forest. Its topography is mountainous and lenga and Morello cherry tree forests predominate. Inside the park you can visit:

Ensenada Bay, from where you can get very good views of the Beagle Channel and the Redonda Island.
Lapataia Bay, with the particularity of being the ending point of the National Route No. 3, born in Buenos Aires, more than 3,000 kilometers away. The coast of the bay is ideal for the sight of migratory waterfowl.
The Park also offers a series of marked paths of different length and type of difficulty. It is also possible to practise sport fishing (with permission) and water sports, so before practising them it is important to consult at the Park administration, 1395 San Martín Street, Ushuaia.


MARTIAL GLACIER:
Seven miles from the center of the city, going along a paved and winding road, one arrives at the base of the glacier, source of drinking water in the City.



It is a major tourist attraction in summer to go hiking and trekking. You can go up and see spectacular views of Ushuaia, the Beagle Channel and the Glacier after a two-hour walk. There is also the possibility to take a ski chair lift. In winter it is an attractive center of Alpine skiing, with more than 50 square kilometers.

THE LIGHTHOUSE LES ECLAIREURS:
On Beagle Channel. Many people confuse it with the Lighthouse at the End of the World. You can travel there by catamarans which leave from the port.


 

WINTER ACTIVITIES:
The Fuegian geography, with mountains and broad valleys, allows during the winter an endless number of activities, such as different types of skiing. There are several winter resorts, ice skating, sleigh rides and other winter sports. When the season begins, the traditional National Festival of the Longest Night is celebrated; it is an important cultural and sports event.

LODGING.